The JAMA study also indicates that the prevalence of the disease has increased as economic development has given way to overweight and obesity. “Diabetes is a societal and a health care challenge due to complex interplays among genetic, perinatal, lifestyle, and environmental factors, to name but a few. Rapid modernization has resulted in an obesogenic environment characterized by food abundance, physical inactivity, and psychosocial stress,” Dr. Juliana Chan of the Chinese University of Hong Kong writes in an editorial accompanying the report. Only one in three patients was aware of his or her condition, and a mere one in four received treatment. “Even when the individual becomes aware of his or her risk conditions, the health care systems in many developing areas are not designed to manage and support a person’s multiple health needs for 30 to 40 years or more,” Chan added. According to the International Diabetes Federation, more than 371 million suffer from diabetes worldwide , and 4.8 million people died of the disease in 2012.
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Whole Fruits Tied to Lower Diabetes Risk
The design of the study, however, doesn’t allow it to prove that whole fruits or fruit juices directly affect the risk of diabetes . “While fruits are recommended as a measure for diabetes prevention , previous studies have found mixed results for total fruit consumption,” senior author Qi Sun, an assistant professor in the department of nutrition at the Harvard School of Public Health, said in a school news release. “Our findings provide novel evidence suggesting that certain fruits may be especially beneficial for lowering diabetes risk.” The researchers base their findings on an analysis of nearly 190,000 people who took part in three studies from 1984 to 2008 and weren’t initially diagnosed with diabetes, cardiovascular disease or cancer. About 7 percent of the participants were later diagnosed with diabetes. People who ate fruits, especially blueberries, grapes and apples, at least twice a week were up to 23 percent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those who ate them no more than once a month, the researchers found. But those who drank a serving or more of fruit juice a day had an increased risk, up to 21 percent higher than the others. What’s going on?
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://diabetes.webmd.com/news/20130830/whole-fruits-tied-to-lower-diabetes-risk
Diabetes Rises Sharply in China, Touching ‘Alert’ Level
In 1980, the prevalence of diabetes was less than one percent of the population. The latest findings mark a more than two percentage point increase over 2007, when a national survey found a 9.7 percent prevalence of diabetes, or about 92.5 million adults. The current data puts the total number of cases of diabetes in China at 113.9 million. Worldwide, the prevalence of diabetes is estimated to be about 8.3 of the global population, or 371 million people. “China is now among the countries with the highest diabetes prevalence in Asia and has the largest absolute disease burden of diabetes in the world,” said the study. The Chinese survey included more than 98,650 people and was led by Yu Xu of the Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine and colleagues with the 2010 China Noncommunicable Disease Surveillance Group. Some 113.9 million Chinese adults over age 18 (60.5 million men and 53.4 million women) were believed to have had diabetes in 2010, it said.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.medindia.net/news/diabetes-rises-sharply-in-china-touching-alert-level-124530-1.htm